Essay International Transport

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 37 - Alternative forms of transport should be encouraged and international laws introduced to control car

Last Updated: Tuesday, 04 October 2016 13:30
Written by IELTS Mentor
Hits: 24688

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case study to an educational reader with no specialised knowledge of the following topic:

The first car appeared on British roads in 1888. By the year 2000, there may be as many as 29 million vehicles on the British roads. Alternative forms of transport should be encouraged and international laws introduced to control car ownership and use.

What are your views on this issue?

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:Modern life is almost impossible without motorised transportation and people are to move so frequently that they always want to own cars. In fact, transportation has become one of the most important parts and parcels of our lives. As the number of total population is increasing day by day, so do their demands and needs for modern transportation facilities and that is why the number of vehicles has increased rapidly all over the world. However, for the last few years, the air pollution has reached an intolerable level and it is the motorised vehicles that have been creating this acute problem with other factors. Currently, almost 58 million vehicles are running alone on the roads of Britain and day by day this number will increase geometrically. In fact, the problem began with the rapid development and growth of the cities and because of increasing demand of people and it is badly needed to control it for our own benefits.

It is true that with the development of the civilisation, the number of cars has increased on the streets and resulting air pollution, accidents, scarcity of fuels, sound pollution, and so on. But we can not avoid or cut off cars from our life overnight because life today has become hasty enough with routine work, office jobs, travelling, holiday activities, amusement etc. and without cars, it would be more troublesome. Therefore I believe that it is important to control the use of cars and to introduce an alternative form of the transportation system as well. Increasing the price of the fuel might be a solution as it will discourage people to drive cars so frequently and for those who are settling their mind to buy a new car. The cars omit Carbon dioxide, Carbon-Mono-Oxide and other harmful chemicals which are dangerous for the environment as well as for public health.

To reduce the use of cars, we can introduce some alternative transportation systems like underground railway, city coach service, train service, subtle train etc. If the transports are easily available and comfortable, people will be encouraged to use those to reduce the cost of owning private cars. Some non-motorized vehicles such as bicycles and rickshaws can be the substitute for the motorised vehicles. Once people are aware of the effects of global warming and air pollution, they will definitely use those forms of transportations for their own betterment. Those vehicles are environment-friendly and in some countries people have already started using bicycles instead of cars, for example, China. If we can introduce river-based cheap and user-friendly transports and try to make them favourite among people, then it will be definitely helpful for the environment. This type of river-based transportation system has been already introduced in countries like Brazil.

On the other hand, introducing a new law to regulate car ownership is also important. If there were an existing rule that any family can not buy more than one car, the rapid increase of the car could have been controlled. Besides, Government should introduce a heavy tax on purchasing cars.        

In summary, increasing use of cars and fuels is an acute problem for all of us. This problem can only be solved by introducing a new form of cheap and comfortable transports and by enforcing and introducing new strict laws. Otherwise, life in cities will become tougher with traffic jam and serious air pollution.


(This model answer has been prepared by the site developer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible answers.)


Model Answer 2:
Transportation is one of the human tools of development. That is why all countries are concerned about that topic and support research and initiatives in this field. The quality of transportation of individuals and goods affects strongly on economic growth. That article focuses on individual transportation and how transportation modes have been changing trough years from 1888 to 2000.

At the end of 19th century, there were few transport forms and all of them were simple with very slow speed except cars. Number of cars in that time period was not so high to extend that caused traffic, fuel or environmental problems. Therefore there was no motivation to invent  innovative transport systems and modes.

With the passage of time from 19thcentury till now transportation demands and needs have been greatly increased. The dramatic increase of numbers of cars especially in last three or four decades forces all states to establish bridges, tunnels, highways etc. These different kinds of infrastructures and superstructures have extremely high costs. Such costs affect on the state budget and lead to undesirable cuts of education, health and other services’ share in the annual budget. As those sectors are so vital, essential and cannot be cut for the sake of the transportation sector, stakeholders started thinking about new transport planning concepts and strategies which contribute to solving all transportation-related problems.

Those problems are economical, environmental and social problems. Most of the experts in the field of ‘Urban Planning and Transportation’ admit that decreasing number of private cars is the best effective way to solve all the previously mentioned problems. There are many ideas which can help reduce private cars in the streets like public transportation, carpooling, and encouraging bicycles as transport modes. It requires many actions and promotion to convince people to leave their own cars and use such alternative modes. These actions can be: improving public transportation, providing a discount on bicycles, giving priority to public transportation through special bus lanes and raising fuel prices etc.

In summary, the whole world should encourage alternative modes and forms of transportation to compete with the traditional mode which is private cars. That will make our mother Earth greener and a better place to live in.


[ by - Taha]

Model Answer 3:
In today’s fast moving world where cars play an important role, it is believed by a majority of people that the transportation by private mode or private car is more convenient and simple. Whereas others differ at the opinion that public transport is the best option in many aspects. However, I believe that travelling by public vehicles is a good option for following reasons.

First, various transport modes are there and they can carry the majority of passengers at a time which consumes same fuel and occupy road. Private cars which carry one person to four maximum is a way of consuming more fuel, to block more space in the road and cause traffic problems.
On the other hand, metro rail mode of transportation is simple and fast which is better than car and bus. Loophole with this one is that it cannot cover all streets. This metro carries passengers from one station to another destination both bus and metro rails reduce the pollutions compared to the private travelling.

Otherwise, car pool is next option for transport, but the above all they are handier when time management is considered. Certainly, alternative transports are mandatory and citizens must be aware of this concept more over international control should be introduced to prevent private car ownership. These actions lead us to save petrol and diesel for coming generations where it cannot be manufactured

If new cars come on roads every day, it leads to traffic problem and lot of time consumption is noticed to travel shot or near distance and hence travellers should notice and use bicycles to cover surrounding areas which burn human energy and adds health benefits.     

Lastly, utilisation of personal vehicles must be controlled for daily transportation simultaneously passengers should look after the public mode of travelling. 


[ by - Samuel Edward]

Model Answer 4:
In the UK, the amount of cars per household has increased alarmingly. This is due to the lower cost of automobiles today. This topic is of particular interest because cars are a harmful threat to the environment. This essay will offer suggestions in order to decrease the cars on British roads.

To begin with, in order to cut down the number of cars on the street one suggestion is to enhance the use of different kinds of transports. By this I mean that it is a widely known fact that cars burn fossil fuel, which is extremely harmful to the environment, by introducing an environmentally friendly vehicle, which must be cheap and convenient in order to encourage citizens to use them, the planet can be saved. For instance, the electric tram has been used in most places in the UK to decrease the number of private cars and many people choose to travel to their work using the tram because the price is reasonable and the time is perfect. Hence, it can be seen that by encouraging the use of alternative transport the problem of increasing number of cars might be resolved.

Another suggestion is to introduce a worldwide law to command car owners. In the last decade, the price of cars has decreased dramatically, and this helps people to buy cars easily. By inserting a low to increase the price per car, for example, this might help to reduce the number of cars seeing in British roads indeed.

To conclude, this essay has looked at some suggestions to tackle the problem of rising car number in the UK. Perhaps, finding another type of transportation and introducing a strong law to control car numbers are the correct actions.


[ by - Lubna Makawi]


Global Transportation Essay

In a global economy, no nation is independently sufficient and is an intricate part of the different phases when originating trade or sell of product within the country. States must secure what it takes to produce more efficiently than their trade partners do to survive in the competition.
The growth of freight being transported, as well as the variety of origins and destinations, promotes the importance of international transportation as a fundamentally sound global economy. Since the development of international transportation, and the distances involved, has created a greater demand for the maritime transport industry, port activities, rail transit, and motor transport.
The international transportation systems have been under increased scrutiny, to support additional requirements concerned with the freight volume and distance in which the shipment is being carried. Technical improvements permitting larger quantities, has become more efficient. The containerization of material has subsidized the environment of the freight movement. Containers and the intermodal transport systems improve the effectiveness of global transportation.
Transportation is believed to be an enabling factor, but not necessarily the cause of international trade. However, international trade also necessitates a dissemination groundwork that can defend the trade between numerous partners. There are elements of the international trade that must adhere to in order for to substantiate trade measures to be accomplished. These components will promote either efficacies or insufficiencies of the transportation groundwork. Nonetheless, the transportation infrastructure can encourage or hinder the possibilities of international trade.
Approximately, one-half of the international trade takes place in the maritime, and disseminates 90% of tonnage in international trade. Global maritime transportation is mainly composed of containerized shipments, which opens the gateway of many production regions. Between each gateway there are nucleuses performing an interconnection between the...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

Global Warming Essay

2469 words - 10 pages The debate on the issue of Global Warming is fiery hot. There are many skeptics who do not believe in the existence of Global Warming. However, there is validity in the theory that Global Warming is real. The fact is that Global Warming is real and it is here. There is more than enough evidence to assure the existence and the disastrous effects of Global Warming. The Earth and its inhabitants continue to suffer the consequences every day. There...

Commerce Assignment - Global Businesses

966 words - 4 pages Global BusinessInvestigate the environmental impact of global businesses.Global business is a business that transcends national boundaries and supplies products and services around the world. As globalisation dramatically increases due to our economy and technology, global awareness of the issues concerning air pollution, waste disposal, deforestation, global warming and over consumption starts to arise. Industries involving mining,...

Cleaner Alternative Transportation

2044 words - 8 pages When people think pollution, most think straight to automobiles producing harmful emissions which contribute to global warming or climate change. Well, this is true. Motor vehicles account for about half of the toxic air pollutant emissions in the United States. A large part of these toxic air pollutants is the need to rely on oil as a fuel source. The fact that oil is still the main source of energy for things like automobiles, when there are...

Case Study in Boeing

545 words - 2 pages No industry in the United States better represents the successes and the failures of American industrial policy over the last 50 years than aerospace. The major players in the aerospace industry are Boeing, General Electric, McDonnell Douglas, and Pratt &...

Sustainability Opportunities in Transportation

1422 words - 6 pages Sustainability Opportunities in Transportation"The most widely used definition of sustainable development, from the Brundtland Commission, is the basis of most definitions of sustainable development in various disciplines: development that meets the need of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to...

A world without transportation

1641 words - 7 pages A world without transportationOur world today depends heavily on means of transportation. Whether it be automobiles, trains, airplanes, boats, or even bicycles, we have come to depend on these forms of transportation to do the things we want to do and go the places we want to go. To go to school, work, shopping malls, movies, and even the grocery store we just hop in our cars and away we go. To go to business meetings in Los Angeles,...

Review on S. Rajaratnam's speech: Singapore: Global City

761 words - 3 pages S. Rajaratnam delivered the speech "Singapore: Global City" when Singapore, freshly independent, became enmeshed in overwhelming uncertainty, even of survival. Faced with the collapse of its economy's traditional pillars-loss of reliance on Malaysian hinterland; stymied trade with...

The Problem of Global Warming

1128 words - 5 pages Global Warming is the increase of temperature on Earth which is caused by human activities and will have very serious consequences for life on Earth if humans don't start to do something about it now. Global Warming is caused when the Greenhouse Gases combines with the atmosphere and traps heat. It is strongly related to pre-human and pre- industrial global warming, it is also weakly related to depletion of ozone layer, which was caused...

Car Emissions and Global Warming

1300 words - 5 pages “1 gallon of gas =24 pounds of global warming emissions” (UCSUSA). Many of the people in our world today don’t understand just how much The Automobile affects us, our lives, and the world we live in. Undoubtedly, the invention of the car has changed our perspective on the different technology created over the past years. However, cars are some of the leading factors towards one of the largest ongoing problems occurring in our world today. That...

Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases

993 words - 4 pages Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases    The United States releases twenty tons of carbon monoxide per person per year. Carbon Monoxide release is a result of burning fossil fuels with an insufficient amount of oxygen that causes the formation of carbon monoxide that pollutes our environment. Everyday fuel is burnt by cars, airplanes, large factories and manufacturing plants. This is causing a very large and deadly problem for our...

Cars Run Over Buses

1015 words - 4 pages Cars run over Buses It is the speed of the wheels that ignites excitement; it is the sound of the engine that attracts attention, and it is the grip on the steering wheel that gives the sense of control. You will never experience these ideals by riding the public transportation. As someone who took the public transportation and as a driver, I know the financial issues and environmental effects of owning a car; however, there are still...

0 thoughts on “Essay International Transport”


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *