Homeschooling refers to the process of educating children at home instead of sending them to public schools which are shared by students from different families. It happens when a child learns subjects taught in standard schools at home either by parents, brothers, sisters, or students from the neighborhood. Homeschooling is not for everyone. As we shall see later, it has been found out that homeschooling has its pros and cons and demands a lot of courage and commitment to make things go through.
Arguments Against Homeschooling
A parent may be having good quality education but may not be qualified to be a teacher. Teaching is an art that requires talent and ability to understand better the physiology of the child, and to do that you must have attended a course or training towards education of children. In this case, special needs of homeschooled children are not met because a trained teacher is not available to guide him or her. Some children at a certain stage require special learning aids and tutors who have had experience with many kids before; therefore they must be given proper guidance that might impact their education positively. Similarly, certain subjects require different methods of teaching aids and a parent may know only one method and may therefore train their child with an outdated tactic that may not reflect the current trends. Parents, having to manage work and household responsibilities while devoting some of their time to the education of their children, a situation known as homeschool burnout, become tired and stressed due to teaching for long hours at a stretch compared to many teachers that standard schools offer and would therefore not result in this scenario.
I do agree with this argument because a parent intending to homeschool their children may have created a specific timetable for teaching the children and will have to follow standard procedures in teaching. Because they devote their time to teaching, they would be looking for updates in the curriculum and update according to the world trends.
Homeschooled children are lonely, friendless and isolated in the event they don’t have siblings, as most of the other children in the estate go to standard schools, thus leaving the homeschooled children by themselves. Friendship in schools will help them learn the importance of sharing and being there for one another as opposed to being dependent only on their families and friends. This is actually the most critical argument that is leveled against homeschooling: it hinders development of the child by limiting social interaction. In a standard setting where children go to school, they are exposed to diverse cultural backgrounds and promote interpersonal skills as opposed to homeschooling, where this aspect is lacking, thus proving detrimental to the child. Schools give the children an opportunity to participate in various social activities for example debates, sports and other competitions. They expose them to the real world and therefore maximizing the child’s emotional, social and psychological development of children (Chen).
Homeschoolers do not regularly take exams, and even the exams taken may not be according to the required standards as the parent may base the exams on only what he has personally taught to the child and may not be appropriate for the child’s level. In standard schools, the progressive periodic tests given to the children prepare them for the next level which they mark symbolically by moving to the next physical class. The child sees that he or she is progressing in life physically and will even work harder so as to continue moving to the next level. At home, this symbolism is not replicated as there is only one house, hence the child does not get the progressive feeling of learning. The competition provided for by the other children in a school setting makes the child to seek improvement every term, and this increases the quality of his progress in academics, growth and development (Moor).
I do oppose the third and the second claim that homeschooled children do not take regular exams as well when they are isolated. Isolation is not an issue to reject homeschooling. After all, a child enjoys every minute with his or her family. On the argument about exams, it is very possible to find homeschooled children doing better than those in public schools. This is because parents tend to be more concerned of the welfare of their children and cannot afford to let them fail in their presence…
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Homeschooling has become quite a prominent means of obtaining an education. Homeschooling is a middle ground for parents who do not want their children in public school, but do not want to or cannot pay the price of private or charter schools. And as mothers and fathers are continually pulling their children out of public schools and into the home, the requirements for those who are teaching have improved to ensure that children are getting the same level of education they would in a classroom setting.
Public schools do not always have adequate funding from the state government. As budgets are slashed, so too are the number of teachers available per child as well as the resources that students and teachers receive. This includes updated textbooks and replacement tables and chairs for the classroom. As a result of not having updated material, some teachers have to start charging parents for new classroom items or asking them to provide their children with a long list of items at the start of the year. This is not always affordable for the parent and can cause problems with learning.
Private schools and charter schools are an alternative to public schools. They do not have the same financial restrictions because their funding does not come from the local or state governments. School supplies are kept up to date and teachers are in larger supply, meaning the student to teacher ratio is better than that of public schools. However, in order for a child to attend a charter or private school it costs the parent thousands of dollars every year. The amount varies based on the school and the location but it can cost the same as a college tuition for some students. This is not always reasonable either.
This is why so many parents are turning toward homeschooling. Parents who stay at home to rear their children are taking it upon themselves to now offer them an education at the same time. But as this rises in popularity so too do the requirements. Many governments are either requiring or strongly recommending that parents who are homeschooling get training and certification in teaching. They are also providing regulated classroom textbooks and tests which students have to pass the same as those in public or private school. There are even support groups among homeschooling parents where tricks and tips are provided.
With so many new homeschooling parents, the need to ensure the quality of education remains high is growing. That being said many governments are offering support groups, regulated textbooks and tests, as well as training for parents who are homeschooling.